Abstract

Introduction: Laser vision correction for hyperopia is challenging. The purpose of the study was to assess the refractive outcomes of femtosecond-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for hyperopic correction using wavefront-optimized ablation profiles.

Methods: This retrospective case series study included 20 Egyptian patients (40 eyes) with hyperopia or hyperopic astigmatism with a mean manifest refraction spherical equivalent (MRSE) of +2.55D±1.17 (range from +1.00 to +6.00) who had uneventful femtosecond-a assisted LASIK with wavefront-optimized aspheric ablation profile using refractive surgery suite (WaveLight FS200 Femtosecond Laser and WaveLight EX500 Excimer Laser) performed in the Research Institute of Ophthalmology and International Eye Hospital, Giza, Egypt. Statistical analysis was done using Microsoft Excel (Microsoft Corporation, Seattle, WA, USA).

Results: The procedure significantly reduced the MRSE and cylinder post-operatively (95% were ± 0.50D and 100% ± 1.00 D), with stability of refraction and UDVA over the follow-up period (up to 12 months) after surgery. No eye lost any line of the CDVA, which reflects the excellent safety profile of the procedure; on the other hand, one eye (5%) gained one line and one eye (5%) even gained two lines. There were no significant complications during the procedure.

Conclusions: Femtosecond-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis for hyperopia showed predictable, effective, and safe refractive outcomes that were stable through 12 months. Longer follow-up period is required to detect any further regression

 

Keywords: Hyperopia correction, Femtosecond LASIK, Refractive surgery, Refractive outcomes
 
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