Written by HamidReza Naderi, Fereshte Sheybani, Sedigheh Sadat Erfani, Bezat Amiri, Mehdi Jabbari Nooghabi
Parent Category: Year 2017, Volume 9
Category: Volume 9, Issue 3, March 2017
Introduction: Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) can present as acute pneumonia. Differentiation of tuberculous from non-tuberculous community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is an important challenge in endemic areas. The purpose of this study was the comparison between characteristics of tuberculous and non-tuberculous CAP patients.
Methods: In this prospective and observational study, all adult patients (aged ≥16 years) who were admitted to Imam Reza Hospital in Mashhad (Iran) with the diagnosis of CAP, between February 2013 and January 2014, were enrolled. Clinical, radiological, and microbiological data of the patients were collected and reviewed. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS 14 software and R programming language.
Results: We studied 120 patients with diagnosis of acute CAP including 21 (17.5%) tuberculous and 99 (82.5%) non-tuberculous CAP. The etiologies of CAP in the latter group were as follow: S. pneumoniae 29 (29.3%), followed by S. aureus, polymicrobial including anaerobes, and other agents. The diagnosis of pneumonia remained unknown in 49 (40%) patients. We found approximately equal gender distribution among two study groups (14/21 vs. 61/99, 63.6% vs. 62.9%, p=0.948). Fifty percent of patients with tuberculous CAP had opioid addiction that was more frequent compared with non-tuberculous group (p=0.240). 52.4%, 63.2%, 30%, and 90% of patients with tuberculous CAP had severe presentation based on PSI, IDSA/ATS, CURB-65, and SMART-COP, respectively.
Conclusions: The diagnosis of TB should be considered in all patients who presented with CAP in endemic regions. It could not be differentiated from other causes of pneumonia on clinical and radiological grounds.
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Keywords: Pneumonia, Tuberculosis, Community-Acquired Pneumonia
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The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.
To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here
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The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:
TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships
Call for applications
Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)
TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:
Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019
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About the Instructor
Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: