Abstract

Introduction: The World Health Organization (WHO) Responsiveness model showing the ability of health systems in fulfilling people’s expectations in connection with nonclinical aspects is an appropriate pattern to assess healthcare. The purpose of this study was to determine the status of pregnancy care provisions based on the responsiveness model.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted by randomly sampling 130 women visiting selected hospitals in Tehran in 2015. A researcher-made questionnaire based on the responsiveness model of WHO was used to collect data. We determined the face validity and content validity of the questionnaire, and its reliability was confirmed by Cronbach’s alpha coefficient (0.94) and test-retest analysis (0.96). The obtained data were analyzed by SPSS version 20 descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient, and Spearman correlation.

Results: Total responsiveness from the perspective of service recipients was 69.46±14.65 from 100. The obtained scores showed that, in the range of 0 to 100, 73.02 were about basic amenities (the most score), 72.93 about dignity, 70.91 about communication, 70.76 about confidentiality, 66.30 about provision social needs, 65.96 about choice of provider, 65.92 about autonomy, and 52.65 about prompt attention (the lowest score), which are representing the average level of service quality. There were significant relationships between participating in preparation class of labor and dignity (p<0.001), autonomy (p=0.01), provision social needs (p=0.01), and overall responsiveness (p=0.03). It was obtained that there is a significant linear relationship between scores given to hospitals and dimensions of responsiveness (p=0.05). Findings indicated a significant relationship between insurance type and dimensions of choice of provider (p=0.03) and communication (p=0.03).

Conclusion: The mean score of service quality in the present investigation illustrated that nonclinical dimensions have been disregarded and it has potential to be better. So some grand plans are needed.

 

Keywords: Quality, Responsiveness, Pregnancy care
 
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