Abstract
Background: Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) is a syndrome that negatively affects a person’s Quality of Life (QOL). The efficient self-management education program increases the individual’s abilities and skills for following and participating in a long-term healthcare plan.  
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the self-management education program on QOL in people with CHF.
Methods: This randomized controlled trial study was conducted on 60 people with CHF and without sensory-cognitive problem from April-August 2015. They were selected using the convenience sampling method, and were randomly assigned into the intervention and control groups. The control group received the routine education presented to participants at discharge. However, besides the routine education, the intervention group received the self-management education program consisting of three sessions followed for a 3-month period. The Iranian heart failure QOL questionnaire was used for data collection before and after the intervention. The independent-samples and paired-samples t-tests, Chi-square and Fisher exact tests were used for data analysis via the SPSS v.16 software. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: No statistically significant differences were reported between the groups in terms of demographic and clinical characteristics, indicating that they were homogeneous. A statistically significant difference was reported between the two groups after the intervention in terms of the mean changes of total QOL (p<0.001) and its dimensions, including symptoms (p=0.002), social interference (p=0.01), psychological condition (p=0.013), and self-efficacy and knowledge (p<0.001). In addition, an improvement was observed in the total QOL in the intervention group after the education (p<0.001). 
Conclusions: According to the results of this study, the self-management education program can be considered an appropriate strategy for improving the QOL in people suffering from CHF by health care providers. 
Trial registration: The trial was registered at the Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (http://www.irct.ir) with the IRCT ID: IRCT2015032021521N1.
Funding: The authors received financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article from Iran University of Medical Sciences (No: 107/105/94/D, date April 11, 2015).

 

 
Keywords: Chronic, Heart failure, Education, Quality of life, Self-management

 

» HTML Fulltext    » PDF Fulltext    » doi: 10.19082/7028

Current Issue

In the second issue of the journal Electronic Physician for 2019, we have several papers including four Randomized Controlled Trials, a model development study, a case report, an editorial, a letter to editor (LTE), and several original research including two studies with qualitative approach. Authors of this issue are from nine countries: Iran, The Netherlands, Sweden, Italy, India, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Jordan. Read more...


 

The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


 

TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships

Call for applications

Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)

TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:


Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019

Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

About the Instructor

Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: