Introduction: Musculoskeletal disorders, premature tiredness caused by work and so on are arisen from different requirements of every job. According to the statistics provided by the World Health Organization (WHO), the most important cause of the loss of working time is the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in work environments.

Method: A cross sectional study with randomized sampling was conducted to determine the relationship between the physical work requirements and upper limbs disorders such as shoulders, wrist, elbow, and hand. data was gathered by using of a questionnaire consist of demographic data and   TMW (Tools for Modified Work) for physical work requirement and Maastricht Upper Extremity Questionnaire for upper limbs musculoskeletal disorders.

Results: Results showed that there was significant relationship between musculoskeletal disorder and the physical work requirements. In other words musculoskeletal disorders in all upper limb have been increased by deficiency in providing the physical work requirement 

Conclusion: This study confirmed that physical work requirement has a crucial role in musculoskeletal disorder especially in upper limbs. And it is essential to give full attention to provide standard requirements for workers.

Key words: Physical work requirement; Musculoskeletal disorder; Upper limb; Metal product  
» HTML Fulltext    » PDF Fulltext    » doi: 

The  most recent editorial (June 2021)

Ethics of Publishing Case Reports: Do We Need Ethics Approval and Patient Consent?

An editorial by Dr. Mehrdad Jalalian

Read more.

The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.


To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here


Our previous editorial (June 2020)

Lessons from COVID-19 pandemic and the Morocco’s success story.

An editorial by Dr. Benksim Abdelhafid (Morocco)

Read more.


The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships

Call for applications

Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)

TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:

Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019

Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

About the Instructor

Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: