Written by Ali Kargar Kheirabad, Gholamreza Farshidfar, Sadegh Nasrollaheian, Hamed Gouklani
Parent Category: Year 2017, Volume 9
Category: Volume 9, Issue 4, April 2017
Introduction: Mutation of the HBV precore gene prevents the production of HBeAg, which is an important target for immune responses. Distribution of this mutation varies along with frequency of HBV genotypes in accordance with geographic and ethnic variations. The general objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of precore mutation in Iran and its correlation with genotypes of hepatitis B.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, viral DNA of 182 Iranian hepatitis B surface antigen positive patients who were admitted to Bandar Abbas Blood Transfusion Organization in 2012 and 2013 was retrieved from their serum samples. HBeAg, anti-HBe, and anti-HBc IgM diagnostic tests were performed using ELISA kits. Precore and Pre-S regions were amplified using specific primers and PCR thereafter to determine the genotypes; precore mutation, PCR, and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) methods also were applied. SPSS version 12 was used for data analysis by Mann–Whitney U test, Fisher’s exact probability test, and t-test.
Results: A total of 62 patients (34.1%) had precore mutation (A1896G), and genotype D was the predominant genotype in these patients, which was followed by an unknown genotype that was suspected for genotype B. Interestingly, the relationships between precore mutation and HBeAg (p=0.037) and genotype D (p=0.005) were significant; however, no correlation was observed between this mutation and acute or chronic hepatitis and sex of patients.
Conclusion: This study found high prevalence of precore mutations in southern Iran, which was significantly associated with HBeAg and genotype D.
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Keywords: Precore mutants; Genotypes; Hepatitis B; RFLP
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Ethics of Publishing Case Reports: Do We Need Ethics Approval and Patient Consent?
An editorial by Dr. Mehrdad Jalalian
The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.
To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here
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The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.
The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:
TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships
Call for applications
Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)
TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:
Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019
Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).
About the Instructor
Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: