Neurodevelopmental disabilities (NDDs) have always been an important concern but yet to be considered as a significant public health problem for children of low and middle income countries including India. It has been suggested that 85% of children with NDDs live in low and middle income countries but there are little data to support this because of lack of a comprehensive, valid, reliable and culturally sensitive screening as well as diagnostic tools and gloomy picture of research in this field due to myriad reasons. Till date there is no single best treatment package available for all children with neurodevelopmental disorders. So the preventive measures have prime importance in reducing the burden of neurodevelopmental disorders.

Key words: Neurodevelopmental Disorders; Epilepsy; Mental Retardation; Cerebral Palsy; Autism  
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