Abstract

Background: Prediabetes is a condition that occurs when blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. Prediabetic people have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Moreover Hyperglycemia has multiple effects on the hematological parameters. 

Objective: To examine the association between hematological indices and anthropometric measurement, with prediabetes. 

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 125 diabetics and 259 prediabetics in the 20-70 age range. They were selected by a convenience sampling method at the Taban Diabetes Center in 2015. An oral glucose tolerance test was performed for each participant who had never been diagnosed with diabetes. Participants were characterized as having prediabetes or diabetes according to American Diabetes Association criteria. The hematologic parameters were measured by using Sysmex-KX 21N analyzers. Data were analyzed by IBM-SPSS version 22 using independent-samples t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Pearson’s correlation coefficient at p<0.05.

Results: There was significant difference in mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCVH) (33.81±0.92 g/dL vs. 34.06±1.05 g/dL) between prediabetes patients and diabetes. There was not a statistically significant difference in the prediabetics’ hematological parameters, compared with the diabetics. In the prediabetic group, only the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration was found to be negatively correlated with diastolic blood pressure (p=0.013) and FBS (p=0.026).  

Conclusion: Hematological indices are important markers for the assessment of variations in size, number, and maturity of different blood cells. Hematological indices could be utile indicators of vascular complication and glycemic control in type 2 DM patients. Thus, they are important for the evaluation and early management of patients with per diabetes.

 

Keywords: Prediabetes, Blood Cells, Leukocytes, Erythrocytes, Diabetes Mellitus
 
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