Abstract

Background: Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is the most common abnormal heart rhythm. AF patients usually use warfarin therapy. Safety and efficacy of warfarin are dependent on maintaining the International Normalized Ratio (INR) within the therapeutic range.

Objective: We will use a Short Message Service (SMS) to evaluate the effect of a reminder on carrying out the INR laboratory test in a timely manner.

Methods: This study (a Randomized Controlled Trial) will be done in Loghman hospital Tehran, Iran. Convenience sampling will be done and 400 AF patients that have inclusion criteria will be randomized equally to an intervention or control group. Patients in the intervention group will receive an SMS that will remind them of the INR test date. The SMS will be sent at 6 PM on the day before and 8 AM on the scheduled date but the patients of the control group will receive usual care without any SMS reminders. We will evaluate the effect of reminders on carrying out the INR test in a timely manner and maintaining the INR in the therapeutic range. Patients' follow-up will be done via telephone conversation to identify thromboembolic events, bleeding and mortality. The data will be analyzed by IBM SPSS version 24. We will use independent samples t-test or Mann–Whitney and Chi-square tests for the analyses of outcomes. 

Discussion: This protocol describes the randomized control trial to study the effects of the SMS reminder system on adherence to the timing of INR test in AF patients treated with warfarin. The research will also form the basis for future decision support systems for monitoring of patients who receive oral anticoagulants. 

Trial registration: Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (http://www.irct.ir) was used to register the trial and IRCT ID was IRCT2016052528070N1.

Funding: This research was supported by Mashhad University of Medical Sciences.

 

Keywords: Stroke, Atrial fibrillation, Warfarin, Hemorrhage, Short Message Service, International Normalized Ratio, Mortality
 
» HTML Fulltext    » PDF Fulltext    » doi: 10.19082/4732

Latest Issue:

In October-December 2018, the journal publishes several original research, including an outstanding Prospective Cohort Study, some experimental studies, and an editorial on a topic of current interest in today’s medical research. Read more:


 

The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


 

TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships

Call for applications

Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)

TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:


Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019

Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

About the Instructor

Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: