Abstract

Background: Extensive studies have revealed an increased risk of major adverse cardiac outcomes in patients with severe psoriasis. However, some studies show conflicting results.  

Objective: This study was conducted to assess the CV risk factors in psoriasis patients, and compare it with non-psoriatic patients. In addition, we evaluated if psoriasis is an independent CV risk factor, if its severity can predict CV risk, and if systemic psoriasis treatments modify CV risk. 

Methods: This was a case-control study in 200 participants -100 with psoriasis, and 100 with dermatitis who served as the control. The study was carried out from September 2015 to September 2016. Data was collected using self-administered questionnaires, one each for both groups. Questions include body surface area, current psoriasis/dermatitis therapies, presence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, smoking history, weight, height, body mass index (BMI), elevated cholesterol, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) history.

Results: Analyses of the associations between psoriasis and CV symptoms has demonstrated that psoriasis was associated with CAD (p<0.001) and hospitalizations (p<0.001) due to CAD. We found that the psoriasis group have the following association: Angina (p=0.005), hypertension (p=0.001), diabetes mellitus (p=0.016), hypercholesterolemia (p=0.015), and “CAD succeeding psoriasis (p=0.001)” (it assesses how many patients with psoriasis had CAD after they are diagnosed with psoriasis). Our study showed that there was no statistically significant risk of CVD in dermatitis patients (p=0.16). There was no association between severity of psoriasis and CV risk (p=0.07).

Conclusions: There is a higher CV risk prevalence among Saudi psoriatic patients and this confirms that psoriasis is an independent CV risk factor in this population.

 

Keywords: Psoriasis, Cardiovascular disease, Dermatitis, Case-control, Saudi Arabia
 
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Current Issue

July-September 2019 (Volume 11, Issue 3)


 

Previous Issue

In the second issue of the journal Electronic Physician for 2019, we have several papers including four Randomized Controlled Trials, a model development study, a case report, an editorial, a letter to editor (LTE), and several original research including two studies with qualitative approach. Authors of this issue are from nine countries: Iran, The Netherlands, Sweden, Italy, India, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Jordan. Read more...


 

The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


 

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Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)

TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:


Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019

Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

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Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: