Abstract

Background: Diabetes is one of the most common noncommunicable diseases around the world that accompanies assorted psychiatric disorders including anxiety and depression due to being chronic.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of anxiety and depression on acceptance and action, considering emotional schemas of diabetics referring to diabetes clinics of health centers in Birjand, Iran.

Methods: This study was conducted in 2016 and was a correlational study with a structural equation modeling approach. The statistical population of this study were all men and women with type 2 diabetes in Birjand, with an active health record in health centers of this county. To collect data, Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21), Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II) and Leahy Emotional Schema Scale (LESS) were employed. Using SPSS19 and LISREL, data were analyzed via multiple regression and modeling at p≤0.05.

Results: In general, 350 subjects entered the study, most of whom were between 50 and 60 years of age and of whom, (47.7%) were women. Results show that depression has had a negative contribution in predicting quality of life (p=0.0001). In addition, results demonstrated the negative relation of anxiety and depression in predicting no emotional avoidance (flexibility) (p=0.0001). Anxiety and rumination had a positive effect and emotional unawareness had a negative effect on predicting no emotional avoidance (p=0.0001).

Conclusion: Results of this study showed that by reducing adaptive emotional schemas, emotions reduce psychological flexibility and increase emotional avoidance. In addition, by increasing non-adaptive emotional schemas, it increases no flexibility and emotional avoidance that finally reduces quality of life as well as acceptance and action.

 

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus; Depressive Disorder; Anxiety Disorders
 
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