Abstract

Background: Developing social skills and mental health is a crucial part of the psychosocial health status of medical students.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the life skills of medical students in Mashhad University of Medical Sciences (MUMS).

Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Iran in 2015. By census method, 146 interns were entered into the study. The life skill questionnaire, consisting of 144 questions, was used as the measurement tool. Over 3 months, all the medical students in internship period were asked to complete the questionnaire. Data were analyzed by independent-samples t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Mann-Whitney with SPSS version 11.5 software.

Results: Women were shown to have higher decision-making ability than men (p=0.046).  It was also shown in the study that social behavior (p=0.018), participation in activities that improve benefits (p=0.006), critical thinking (p=0.007), observing and using safety points (p=0.005), and mental health status (p=0.034) were significantly lower in men than in women. The data also suggests that men (13.97±4.7249) are more likely to become global citizens than women (12.15±3.6298) (p=0.010). Furthermore, there was a significant difference when comparing smoking and non-smoking in freedom and justice (p=0.003) and becoming a global citizen (p=0.012).

Conclusion: Our study provides helpful information about medical students’ life skills for policy makers and university authorities. We suggest that gender differences should be considered during life skill training.

 

Keywords: Social skills, Medical student, Smoking, Mental health, Critical thinking, Justicea
 
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