Abstract

Background: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a frequent cardiovascular disorder. It is among the main causes of morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients and, at the same time, can be easily avoided. Studies clarified that there are a variety of factors which can be significantly associated with the development of DVT in hospitalized patients. 

Objective: to identify frequency and factors associated with occurrence of DVT among hypertensive patients referred to KAU hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. 

Methods: A cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted from October 2016 to March, 2017. All hypertensive patients referred to or admitted to the hospital departments and who were suspected to have DVT and subjected to Doppler examination were included in the study. A questionnaire was designed to obtain data about DVT frequency among participants and factors associated with the development of DVT among them. Data was collected through face to face interviews of patients included in the study. 

Results: DVT was detected in 13.5 % of the studied hypertensive patients. Increased age and gender had no significant association with the development of DVT among the studied patients. In addition, other studied factors and comorbidities had no significant role in DVT development among the study participants. 

Conclusion: Knowing the most common risk factors and their significance in developing DVT is essential for early detection of DVT to prevent it, especially for hypertensive patients. Awareness campaigns should be held more often in different neighborhoods of the city.

 

Keywords: DVT, Hypertension, Risk factor
 
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