Abstract

Aim: The purpose of present study was to access the prevalence of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies in children with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA), and to investigate the clinical significance and diagnostic value of the anti-CCP antibodies in correlation with age, sex & activity.

Methods: This case-control study was performed on 50 patients with JIA in addition to 40 sex and age-matched children as a control group. The participants were recruited from rheumatology Outpatient Clinic of Cairo University Specialized Pediatric Hospital. Patients were subjected to full history taking, clinical examination, routine laboratory investigations and x-rays on involved joints. Both patients and controls underwent assay of anti-CCP antibodies by AxSYM Anti-CCP IgG Microparticle Enzyme Immunoassay (MEIA) which is a semi-quantitative determination of the IgG class of autoantibodies specific to cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) in patients' serum or plasma. Data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U test, ANOVA, and independent-samples t-test by SPSS version 15.

Results: Anti-CCP positivity was identified amongst patients with JIA, particularly those JIA patients experiencing RF positive polyarticular disease onset. Above all, it is important that anti-CCP positivity and bone erosions, degree of joint damage, and ESR levels were significantly correlated. 

Conclusion: Anti-CCP could be utilized as a valuable marker in the polyarticular form of JIA to direct early, and could be aggressive therapeutic intervention.

 

Keywords: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, Anti-CCP antibodies, Polyarticular
 
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