Introduction: Antioxidants are health beneficial compounds that can protect cells and macromolecules from the damage of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The aims of this study were to compare the total antioxidant and carotenoid production in R. Slooffiae and R. Mucilaginosa.

Methods: To isolate the carotenoid pigment, cells were suspended in acetone and broken using a homogenizer, followed by centrifugation, and supernatant was separated. For analytical method, pigments were measured spectrophotometrically at 450 nm. The B-carotene bleaching and 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhdrazyl (DPPH) assay were used to determine antioxidant properties of R. Slooffiae and R. Mucilaginosa by measuring the decrease in absorbance at 470 and 517 nm. 

Results: The results showed that the content of total carotenoid in R. Slooffiae was higher than R.  Mucilaginosa and it presented higher ability to show antioxidant activity. The mean total antioxidant activity of ascorbic acid was the highest (97.11 ± 6.11%), followed by BHT (64.71 ± 5.41%), R. sloofias extract (57.91 ± 7.34%) and R. Mucilaginosa (39.32 ± 5.85%). The EC50 of ascorbic acid was the strongest (0.252 ± 0.000 mg/ml), followed by BHT (0.612 ± 0.009 mg/ml) and R. Slooffiae (0.658 ± 0.033 mg/ml). There was significant difference observed between the EC50 of R. Slooffiae and BHT. 

Conclusion: It was found that both strains have ability to produce carotenoid and show antioxidant ability; however, R. Slooffiae had more potential in producing carotenoid and showing antioxidant ability than R. Mucilaginosa. Further study is required, in order to utilize this strain in the food, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics industries.


Keywords: Antioxidant, Carotenoid, Rhodotorula, Radical scavenging activity
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July-September 2019 (Volume 11, Issue 3)


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In the second issue of the journal Electronic Physician for 2019, we have several papers including four Randomized Controlled Trials, a model development study, a case report, an editorial, a letter to editor (LTE), and several original research including two studies with qualitative approach. Authors of this issue are from nine countries: Iran, The Netherlands, Sweden, Italy, India, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Jordan. Read more...


The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

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Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

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Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: