Written by Bibi Leila Hoseini, Zahra Miri Kalateh Sadati, Mohammad Hassan Rakhshani
Parent Category: Year 2015, Volume 7
Category: Year 2015, Volume 7, Issue 7, November 2015
Introduction: The neonatal mortality rate (NMR) is an essential index in the assessment of community health. With the rapid advancement of neonatal care, the causes of death in this group and the overall mortality rate have changed. For these reasons, the aim of this study was to determine the current NMR and its causes in Sabzevar City’s Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU).
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the NICU at Sabzevar Hospital from 2006 through 2013. Based on previous studies, the sample size was determined to be 365 neonates who were admitted to the NICU and died before they were discharged. The study tool was a researcher-developed checklist related to deceased neonates in the NICU. The checklist was confirmed based on the validity of its content and its inter-rater reliability. We used chi-squared, the Mann-Whitney U test, and the Spearman correlation to analyze the data.
Results: The NMR in Sabzevar’s NICU was 6.44 per 1000 during the seven-year period; this rate included the following cases per 1000 live births: very early mortality (2.16), early mortality (3.33), and late mortality (0.96). Among 58,270 live births, 3,667 of the neonates were admitted to the NICU during the seven-year period, which was equivalent to 62.93 admissions per 1000 live births. Of the 3,667 neonates admitted to the NICU, 375 (10.23%) died before they were discharged. The most recurrent diagnoses were respiratory distress syndrome (46%), followed by sepsis (12%). The one-sample chi-squared test as a goodness-of-fit test (95% CI) showed that the mortality rates were significantly different based on gender (p = 0.004), birth weight (p < 0.001), gestational age (p < 0.001), different causes of death (p < 0.001), and different years of death (2006 -2013) (p < 0.001). There also was a significant difference between the duration of survival (very early mortality, early mortality, and late mortality) (p < 0.001).
Conclusion: Neonatal mortality in the present study was comparable with that reported in similar studies in Iran and in other countries. The strong association between the mortality rate in the NICU with premature birth and low birth weight indicates the necessity of prenatal care aimed at preventing pre-term labor. Comprehensive programs from antenatal care and care at and after birth are recommended, including the investigation of the risks for neonatal death and offering preventive strategies
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Keywords: neonatal mortality, neonatal intensive care unit, Sabzevar
Volume 12, Issue 4, October-December 2020
The worldwide spread of COVID-19 as an emerging, rapidly evolving situation, and the dramatic need of urgent medicine or vaccine, has rapidly brought new hypotheses for pathophysiology and potential medicinal agents to the fore. It is crucial that the research community provide a way to publish this research in a timely manner.
To contribute to this important public health discussion, the Electronic Physician Journal is excited to announce a fast-track procedure to help researchers publish their articles on COVID-19 related subjects that fall under the broad definition of public health, internal medicine, and pharmacology. We are especially welcome to all hypotheses about the pathological basis of the COVID-19 infection and the possible characteristics of potential medicine and vaccine. Submit your manuscript here
The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.
The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:
TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships
Call for applications
Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)
TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:
Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019
Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).
About the Instructor
Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: