Abstract
Background: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a major cause of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and chronic active gastritis that may progress to gastric cancer. Globally, it has been estimated that 50% or more of the world's population is infected by H. pylori, making it the most widespread infection across the globe.
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of H. pylori infection and to identify factors associated with H. pylori infection in Saudi patients presenting with dyspepsia. 
Methods: In this prospective cross-sectional study, a total of 404 gastric biopsies were endoscopically obtained from 404 patients with dyspepsia from September 2014 to April 2016 (Jazan Province, Saudi Arabia). The specimens were analyzed using the real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The data was examined using descriptive statistics as well as determining the prevalence, and employing Chi square and Fisher exact test. A p-value of ≤0.05 was considered statistically significant in examining the research hypotheses.
Results: The overall prevalence of H. pylori in Jazan Province was 46.5% (95% CI: 41.7-51.4) and the prevalence was lower among those > 55 years old. Prevalence was higher among urban (50.0%; 95% CI: 43.1-56.8) versus rural (42.1%; 95% CI: 35.1-49.3), but with no significant difference. Prevalence did not show significant difference among different Body Mass Index (BMI) categories, ranging from 40.2% to 47.7%. The prevalence of H. pylori in females was 47.1% (95% CI: 40.4-53.9) versus 45.6% (95% CI: 38.7-52.6) in males. Histopathology findings were associated with H. pylori infection with prevalence of 58.1% among patients with chronic active gastritis, compared to 24.1% and 34.8% among mild and chronic gastritis, respectively.
Conclusion: Our results indicate that there is a high prevalence of H. pylori among Saudi patients with dyspepsia. Prevalence of H. pylori was high in ages below 55 years. Chronic active gastritis was significantly associated with H. pylori infection. In depth studies are needed to determine associated factors with of H pylori infection in the region

 

 
Keywords: H. pylori, PCR, Prevalence, Jazan province

 

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July-September 2019 (Volume 11, Issue 3)


 

Previous Issue

In the second issue of the journal Electronic Physician for 2019, we have several papers including four Randomized Controlled Trials, a model development study, a case report, an editorial, a letter to editor (LTE), and several original research including two studies with qualitative approach. Authors of this issue are from nine countries: Iran, The Netherlands, Sweden, Italy, India, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Jordan. Read more...


 

The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


 

TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships

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Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)

TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:


Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019

Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

About the Instructor

Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: