Abstract
Background: Caring for patients with brain death diagnosis is the heaviest of duties for nurses, and, due to the complexities and stressors, it is the biggest challenge of nursing in an intensive care unit. 
Objective: This qualitative research aimed to disclose the nurses' experience of caring for brain-dead patients.
Methods: The present study was a qualitative research using a content analysis, where the data collection process included 21 semi-structured and in-depth interviews with intensive care nurses, physicians, head nurses, a transplantation committee coordinator, and the authority of the organ procurement unit. Adequate data were collected from March 2014 until the saturation point was reached in June 2016. Data were analyzed simultaneously with data collection using qualitative content analysis with a conventional approach.
Results: Qualitative content analysis of data resulted in two themes and eight subthemes, reflecting the analysis of nurses' experiences of caring for brain-dead patients. The themes included "Challenges of right and duty requirement,” and "turbulent confrontation with successive chains of tension". Finally, the main themes of "resonance of stress and internal conflict in care" were abstracted.
Conclusion: The findings deepened our understanding and knowledge of the issue. Despite all the stress, nurses care for potential organ donors, and this results in preserving the organs’ viability for donation. Nurses' problems and challenges in this caring process should be considered by policymakers of health and treatment systems and a supportive model be designed for nurses in the intensive care unit.

 

 
Keywords: Brain dead; End of life care; Qualitative research

 

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Current Issue

In the second issue of the journal Electronic Physician for 2019, we have several papers including four Randomized Controlled Trials, a model development study, a case report, an editorial, a letter to editor (LTE), and several original research including two studies with qualitative approach. Authors of this issue are from nine countries: Iran, The Netherlands, Sweden, Italy, India, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Jordan. Read more...


 

The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


 

TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships

Call for applications

Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)

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Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019

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About the Instructor

Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: