Abstract
Background: Increased subcutaneous fat thickness and depth of target organs in over-obese patients, results in weak signals and inadequate images. Tissue harmonic imaging has been used widely in obese patients and is believed to result in higher quality images. This superiority is not proved in modern machines with improved image quality in conventional mode. 
Objective: To compare the image quality between conventional and tissue harmonic ultrasound images. 
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out from March 2015 to June 2016. Seventy-six over-obese patients referred to Ghaem Hospital (Mashhad, Iran) for weight-correction surgeries, were enrolled into the study. Conventional and tissue harmonic images of their kidneys were blinded and compared back-to-back by four expert radiologists. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16, using Cochrane’s Q test.
Results: All raters reported image quality to be better in tissue harmonic compared to fundamental frequency ultrasound (p=0.000, Cochrane’s Q test). Although better image quality in tissue harmonic mode was reported by the four raters, there was weak inter-observer agreement (p=0.081 for right kidney and p=0.21 for left kidney). 
Conclusion: Advances in ultrasound equipment and the introduction of tissue harmonic imaging can improve the diagnostic performance in over-obese patients and this mode of imaging should be used whenever evaluating over-obese subjects.

 

 
Keywords: Ultrasonography, Image enhancement, Diagnostic imaging

 

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Current Issue

July-September 2019 (Volume 11, Issue 3)


 

Previous Issue

In the second issue of the journal Electronic Physician for 2019, we have several papers including four Randomized Controlled Trials, a model development study, a case report, an editorial, a letter to editor (LTE), and several original research including two studies with qualitative approach. Authors of this issue are from nine countries: Iran, The Netherlands, Sweden, Italy, India, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Jordan. Read more...


 

The 6th World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) is to be held on June 2-5, 2019 in Hong Kong.

The WCRI is the largest and most significant international conference on research integrity. Since the first conference in Lisbon in 2007, it has given researchers, teachers, funding agencies, government officials, journal editors, senior administrators, and research students opportunities to share experiences and to discuss and promote integrity in research. Read more:


 

TDR Clinical Research and Development Fellowships

Call for applications

Deadline for submission: 7 March 2019, 16:00 (GMT)

TDR provides fellowships for early- to mid-career researchers and clinical trial staff (e.g. clinicians, pharmacists, medical statisticians, data managers, other health researchers) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to learn how to conduct clinical trials. Read more:


Meta-Analysis Workshops in New York, USA, and London, UK, in April and May 2019

Don't miss this exceptional opportunity to learn how to perform and report a Meta-analysis correctly. Two Meta-analysis workshops are organized in April and May 2019 by Dr. Michael Borenstein in New York, USA (April 08-10, 2019) and London, UK (May 27-29).

About the Instructor

Dr. Michael Borenstein, one of the authors of Introduction to Meta-Analysis, is widely recognized for his ability to make statistical concepts accessible to researchers as well as to statisticians. He has lectured widely on meta-analysis, including at the NIH, CDC, and FDA. Read more: